John. 3:1 — Now there was a man of the Pharisee sect a prominent leader of the Jews, whose name was Nicodemus. (2) He came to Jesus at night and said to him, "Rabbi, we know that you have come from God as a teacher, for no one can perform these signs that you are doing unless God is with him." (3) Jesus replied to him, "I tell you for certain unless a person is born anothen [from above — meaning heaven] he cannot see the kingdom of God." (4) Nicodemus said to him, "How can a person be born when he is old? He can’t go back into his mother’s womb a second time and be born, can he?" [This is where we get the idea of being "born again."] (5) Jesus said, "I tell you for certain, unless a person is born of water kai Spirit he cannot enter the kingdom of God."
The Greek word kai is usually translated and in an additive way: You must be born of water and Spirit. This is adding Spirit to water. Kai can also be used in an interpretive way: which is. You must be born of water which is Spirit.
Also, the word water is hudatos = hue-dah-tahs from base word huetos — hue-tahs = rain — which is water from above. So Jesus is saying born of water from above — water from above = the Spirit.
Therefore, we must be born from above [heaven] by the Spirit to see/perceive (v3) and enter (v5) the kingdom of God/Heaven/the spirit realm.
(6) "What is born of the flesh is flesh, and what is born of the Spirit is spirit."
A human birth produces a flesh and blood person, while a spiritual birth produces a spiritual person.
(7) "Do not be astonished that I said to you, ‘All of you must be born from above.’"
We must be born from above [heaven] by the Spirit to become a new spiritual/supernatural person.
(8) "The wind blows where it wants to. You hear its sound, but you don’t know where it comes from or where it is going. That’s the way it is with everyone born of the Spirit."
The same word is used for wind and spirit (pneuma). Jesus is saying to Nicodemus: "If you don’t understand a natural occurrence like wind how do you expect to understand a supernatural experience?"
What He means is "You don’t understand where the wind comes from or goes but you hear it. So it is with those born of the Spirit." You don’t understand how the Spirit moves but you can hear the Spirit and be born from above.
Perceive wind with natural senses; perceive the Spirit with supernatural senses.
(9) Nicodemus said to him, "How can that be?" (10) Jesus answered him, "You’re the teacher of Israel, and you don’t understand this?"
What should Nicodemus have understood?
As the teacher of Israel who knew the Scriptures he should have known that unless a person is born of water from above which is the Spirit he cannot see or enter the kingdom of God.
Jesus has been referring to scripture to try and ring a bell in the mind of Nicodemus.
Isa. 44:3 — I will pour out water/rain on the thirsty ground… I will pour out my Spirit on your descendants.
Water/rain is used as a metaphor for the Holy Spirit and thirsty ground as a metaphor for people.
We see this in Titus 3:5 — God saved us, not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy, by the washing of paliggenesia [pal-ing-ghen-es-ee’-ah].
Palin = anew — genisis = ghenisis = generation/creation.
Kai = that is — ana = above — kaino = new.
So, God saved us by new creation washing, which is new from above/heaven by the Holy Spirit. We were washed clean by becoming a new creation not by our works.
We are made clean by "new creation righteousness," not by "works righteousness" or cleansing the old nature, but by the washing of a new creation that is ana-kaino new from above/from heaven by the Holy Spirit.
(6) whom He poured out upon us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior….
Bringing to mind the connection Jesus made between water and spirit in John Chapter 3.
Ezk. 36:25 — I will pour clean water on you, and you shall be clean… A metaphor for being made clean by the Holy Spirit: clean water.
(26) I will give you a new heart, and I will put a new spirit within you… In place of your human spirit, which was dead in sin, I will give you a new supernatural spirit.
(27) I will put My Spirit within you and empower you to do what I tell you… The Holy Spirit will come into you and will empower you to do what God says.
Eph 2:1 — You were dead in your trespasses and sins… (4) But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, (5) when we were dead in our transgressions created a living being in union with Christ…
Su-zohah-poi-eho: su = union with — zohah = living being — poi-eho = to make or create. We were created as a new supernatural infant — not a remodeled old one but a new being/ new person/a supernatural infant.
Our human spirit was dead in sin and God made us alive by birthing us with a new supernatural spirit from heaven.
2 Cor 5:17 — Since [ei] anyone in Christ, is a new [kainos] creation [ktisis (ktee-sees) = a new creature, a new infant] ; the old creation [your spirit which was dead in sin] passed away, behold, the new creation [a new supernatural infant] has ginomai [ginomai (ghee-no-mai) = come into being].
Not remodeled, but a new infant.
Our prayer: Holy Spirit, enable us to realize and experience the reality that we are a new creation — a new infant in Christ.